y plane, but it was up in the clouds so far that it was impossible to trace. Had "short arm" inspection at 5 P.M.
Nov. 3. Have been very busy for the last week issuing winter clothing and equipment. "Pop" returned and reiterated all about his wondrous trip. He had some hair-breath escapes and brought back as a memento 3 Boche helmets, dozens of buttons, and a few phennigs which he said he had procured from the enemy. Told all about the Metz front where he was compelled to seek shelter in a protected dug-out. Also visited Argonne Forests where the gas gongs sounded and all were compelled to resort to their old comrade the gas-mask. He said the firing was intense from the big guns. Also stated that if a man lived in front of them very long he would never again become civilized.
During the week we have had an air raid most every night, and the sky would be lighted up by the bursting shells from the anti-craft guns close by. We brought one down this P.M. at the R.R. Station. At this writing a report has been made that Turkey had signed peace terms and is demobilizing her Army, also that Austria is in a state of revolt and that the Italian Army is advancing through to the Boche border.
Another incident of this day is that our company moved from their billets among the horses and cattle and occupy the upper story of a chateau. Here we have wooden cots to sleep on, which is quite a relief from the damp, open stables.
I am now anticipating a very pleasant night's rest, so I can arise early in the morning and take in the summer underwear.
Nov. 15. The waether for the past 2 weeks has been very pleasant. Clear days generally, and cool,frosty nights.
We have been supplied with an extra uniform and various other equipment which has kept the Supply Dept. busy for the last two weeks. The men work all day and during the evening visit the "soda water" resorts, or gather around for a card party, or play a visit to the Y.M.C.A. hut to play a game of dominoes, write a letter, or listen to the beautiful strains of "Joan of Arc" played by the world famous 59th Pioneer Infantry Band.
All last week the evenings were very entertaining in the open air, as you could hear the buzz of machinery running smoothly in the air, then you would hear a "hit and miss" sound like a 4 cylinder auto running on 3 cylinders, and would recognize this to be a bombing `plane, then the searchlights would locate the machine, and the sky would be lighted up with the bursting shells from the anti-aircraft guns.
One night last week a regiment of French Artillery arrived in town and parked their 4.75 field pieces nearby, occupping the stables under us for their animals. They only stayed 2 days, then left for Toul.
The next day a Division of American troops passed through town on their way to another section of the line and also for a breathing spell in the rear. Then another Division moved into our nearby towns making their supply headquarters at this place, at the present time they are busily engaged handling food for the men, as Uncle Sam believes that a fighting army is a well fed army.
The town was very much agitated upon the report that Germany demanded peace. The Frenchman would stand up to you and discuss things in his own language for an hour at a time, all you have to say is "Oui, Oui" or "Compree and guess at what he was saying. Finally, on Monday, Nov. 11, news was received that the enemy plenipotentiaries had met Marshall Foch and signed the "Terms of Armistice" 2 A.M. Church bells tolled incessantly, guns were fired and flags which had not waved for over 4 years were seen flying from every house and public building, the French tricolor alongside the Stars and Stripes.
We have now received our little barrack stoves and life is more like living for, when you can sit beside the little friend and enjoy a few moments of warm comfort.
This lesson plan will serve as an introduction to primary source documents for many students. The concept of primary sources versus secondary sources may take some time for a student to comprehend. People are creating primary sources every day of their lives. There are numerous primary sources that can be found in the classroom - the teacher's gradebook, student papers, the school menu, etc. One example that you may want to begin this lesson with is your drivers license or a modern birth, marriage, or death record. The students should understand that a primary source does not have to be "old".
For the warm-up exercise the teacher can choose any number of primary sources from the project kit for the students to examine. These sources should be mixed with textbooks, encyclopedias, biographies and/or other secondary sources to show the differences between the two types of sources.
Place notecards with examples of secondary sources written on them and some actual sources in the bag. These items may include textbooks (any subject), encyclopedias, biographies, etc.
Place some actual primary sources in the bag and notecards with the following titles:
Primary sources are created everyday in the classroom so there should be no shortage of these items for the game. However, if you run out of items during the game - simply suspend the game midway through and put the items and cards back in the bag. Although this is "doubling up", it will serve as a chance to reinforce the idea of primary and secondary documents.
The document used in this lesson is part of the diary of Anthony Summers, a sergeant in the 59th Pioneer Infantry. It is located in the Summers Papers (Small Manuscript Collection, Record Group 9200). Anthony Summers lived in Harbeson near Milton, Delaware when he was drafted into the army in 1917. After serving in France from September 1918 until July 1919, Sgt. Summers returned to Delaware and settled in Milford. He served as a postman in the Milford area for many years and also was instrumental in starting the local National Guard unit. Summers died on March 9, 1944.