Standards: Geography Standard: Students will develop a personal geographic framework, or "mental map," and understand the uses of maps and other geographics.

History Standard Two: Students will gather, examine, analyze historical data.

Objectives: 1) Students will examine maps of Delaware.

2) Students will make comparisons between a modern map and a map from another time period.

3) Students will play a game to point out the differences and similarities between the two maps.

Materials: 1) Lesson S, Delaware Public Archives, 1819 Delaware Map, Vertical File VI

2) Lesson S, 1997 Road Map of Delaware (Courtesy of Delaware Department of Transportation)

3) Construction Paper

4) Masking Tape (optional)

Procedures: 1) Inform the students that they will be comparing two maps of Delaware - one created in 1819 and a road map from 1997.

2) Divide the class into groups of four.

3) Hand out four maps to each group - two from each time period.

4) Inform the groups that they must have a group leader, two spokesman, a writer, and a group name. (If there are more than four in a group the additional members may serve as spokesmen.)

5) Provide background information concerning the date of each map.

6) Give the groups the rest of the class time to look over the two maps for differences and similarities. The assigned writer should write down the similarities as well as the differences. Examples include roads, towns, waterways, and landmarks. This sheet will be turned in and graded as a group project. It may be completed in the form of a chart with similarities on one side and differences on the other. Using construction paper, each group should also create their own playing piece for the game. At the end of class collect the sheets.

7) On the following day, pass back the sheets to each group. On the chalkboard place lines across the board for each game piece. This exercise may also take place on the floor using masking tape. Mark a finish line on the board or the floor. Either method requires marks being made along the game course to indicate the next space to move. Place each game piece on a separate line.

8) To play the game each team will have a turn to announce a difference or a similarity between the two maps.

9) A correct difference or similarity allows that group's game piece to be moved forward one space on the line. A correct answer cannot be used again in the game. If a group repeats an answer already given they will not be allowed to advance. Groups must listen to all the answers presented to prevent repeating an answer.

10) The first group to cross the finish line will be declared the winner.

DOCUMENT BACKGROUND

1819 Map of Delaware

This map of Delaware was published in 1819 by Arrowsmith and Lewis of Boston, Massachusetts. Its original size is 10 3/4 inches by 8 3/4 inches. The strange looking marks that appear as hills are believed to be the dividing line where the water west of the marks flow into the Chesapeake Bay and the water east of the marks flow eastbound to the Delaware Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. The map has been enlarged to be more comparable in size to the 1997 map used in the lesson. It may be accessed through the Archives' map collection (Vertical File VI, Delaware, 1819).

1997 Map of Delaware

This is a road map of Delaware published in 1997 by the Delaware Department of Transportation. The Delaware Public Archives would like to thank DelDot for the use of this map.

There is no historical background information included with this lesson.