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Delaware Public Archives

Intro


With the construction of our new facility in Dover, the Delaware Public Archives is entering a new era of service and accessibility to the public. As the official guardian of Delaware's county, state, and local government records, the Archives stores millions of records that reveal the cultural, social, and political history of our state and our nation. Unfortunately, in the past there has been little interaction between the Archives and Delaware's education community. This project seeks to make teachers and administrators aware of the vast array of documents, photographs, and other resources at the Archives that will help bring history alive for children. Teachers will now have authentic-looking reproductions of primary source documents from the Archives to complement their Social Studies and Delaware history instruction. In contrast to simply reading a summary of the events that occurred, students now have the opportunity to examine the documents or photographs that are a part of the story. In this way, children can interpret the primary sources surrounding an event and reach their own conclusions.

The documents reproduced for this teaching kit range in time from the early colonization period to the twentieth century. Each set of documents is contained in a separate, labeled folder in one of the three boxes in the kit. The overheads are located in the three ring binders. To locate the document/overhead you wish to use, simply find the folder(s) or overhead that has the same letter as the lesson plan. In most cases, there will be one or two documents/overheads for each lesson. The 1796 overhead map of Delaware is the only document/overhead that does not have a letter designation. All of the documents/overheads have a credit line that may include an RG (Record Group) number or a Series Number. These numbers are part of the record identification system used at the Delaware Public Archives. Many of these documents will be a challenge to read for both the student and the teacher. Some of the documents have sections that may be illegible or "faded out." However, transcriptions are provided so the instructor will be able to lead the students through the document.

In addition to the Archives'documents and overheads included with this package, there are nineteen lesson plans that explain how to use the materials in this kit. A list of these plans and a brief summary of their content are found in the next part of this introductory section. Each of these lesson plans includes procedures, background information, and transcriptions of the documents. Please note that the transcriptions include the original spelling of the words in the documents. These plans may be presented as written or they can serve as a springboard to stimulate more ideas for the classroom.

The Delaware Public Archives wants to hear from you concerning this project. Please send your ideas, suggestions, and comments to one of the addresses listed below. We hope you will find this teaching kit a useful tool in your classroom. If you have some spare time - come visit us! We are looking forward to serving you in the future.

Thomas M. Summers
Delaware Public Archives
Hall of Records
121 Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd. North
Dover, DE 19901
telephone: (302) 739-5318
fax: (302) 739-2578
e-mail: thomas.summers@state.de.us

A Brief Preview of the Lesson Plans

  • Lesson A - Primary Sources vs. Secondary Sources The students will learn the differences between primary sources and secondary sources through a game activity.
  • Lesson B - Why Does Delaware Have Such A Strange Shape? Why Does Delaware Have Such a Strange Shape? (time period: early 17th century - present) This lesson is presented in the form of a play. The play will focus on the history of how Delaware's borders were determined and the land dispute between William Penn and Lord Baltimore.
  • Lesson C - Shall we go Dutch? (time period: early to mid-17th century) In this lesson the students will learn about the fate of the first Dutch settlement in Delaware. Could it have been avoided?
  • Lesson D - This Land is Your Land (time period: 17th and 18th century) The students will learn about early land ownership in Delaware.
  • Lesson E - Tobacco Road (time period: 17th century to mid-18th century) In this lesson the students will discover that tobacco played an important economic role in early colonial Delaware.
  • Lesson F - Why Did Delawareans Use Slaves? (time period: 17th and 18th century) The students will compare the roles of indentured servants and slaves in colonial Delaware.
  • Lesson G - Property? (time period: 17th century to 1865) This lesson uses a probate inventory to show that slaves were considered property. Note: This lesson may require sensitivity training before being presented.
  • Lesson H - I Spy (time period: American Revolution, 1775 - 1783) The focus of this lesson is a letter written by a Delaware soldier in the Continental Army.
  • Lesson I - Why is Delaware Called "The FirstState"? (time period: 1787 - present) The students will learn about the events that led to Delaware becoming the first state to ratify the United States Constitution.
  • Lesson J - The Delaware Flag(time period: 1777 - present) In this lesson the students will learn about the history and symbolism of the Delaware Flag.
  • Lesson K - "That All Men Are Created Equal" (time period: American Revolution, 1775 - 1783) In this lesson the students will discover that a significant number of Americans fighting for independence were also slaveowners. Note: This lesson may require sensitivity training before being presented.
  • Lesson L - Hit The Road Jack(or Jill) (time period: late 18th century to early 19th century) The students will learn how and why new roads in Delaware were built in the late 18th and early 19th century.
  • Lesson M - Censusmania (time period: 1787 - present) The students will learn about the importance of the United States Census.
  • Lesson N - Give Me The C and D Canal!!! (time period: early 19th century - present)In this lesson the students will find the location of the C & D Canal and learn about its importance in Delaware history.
  • Lesson O - Jints and Hannah (time period: mid-19th century) Students will examine a photograph of a slave with a small child.
  • Lesson P - The Abolitionist Movement (time period: late 18th century - 1865) Using a broadside and an anti-slavery petition, students will create their own anti-slavery broadside.
  • Lesson Q - The Underground Railroad (time period: early 19th century - 1865) This lesson is a game activity that examines Delaware's role in the Underground Railroad.
  • Lesson R - Free African-Americans In Delaware (time period: 19th century) This lesson focuses on the free African-American population in Delaware during the 19th century.
  • Lesson S - Lets Put Delaware On The Map (time period: early 19th century - present)Students will compare a current Delaware map to a Delaware map created in 1819.

Thank You!

I would like to thank the staff at the Archives and the following volunteers and Department of State employees for their help with the development and organization of this teaching kit:

Caroline Abbott, Linda Barker, Ian Barker, Thomas Butterly, Mary Lisa Carey, Laurie Draper, Tara Frankel, Andrew Haller, Brandon Hammond, Eva Hays, Richard Hays, Sabrina Hill, Elizabeth Jelich, Sarah Johnson, Christina Lassard, Julie Machtinger, Hope McGrath, Barbara May, Ann Myers, Sarah Parks, Kathy Pepper, Justin Pippin, Karen Reuter, Richard Reynolds, Joseph Shelar, Jamie Spencer, Sarah Spencer, Justin Strickland, Shaun Strickland, Deborah Summers, Marjorie Summers, Madeline Thomas, Aaron Trinkle, Mary Trinkle, Julie Wilkins, Lucreatia Wilson.

I would also like to thank Delaware State Museums, Delaware Department of Transportation, the Learning Resource Center in Dover, Charles Conway of the Delaware Theatre Company, John Welch of the Delaware Art Museum, and Lewis Huffman of the Delaware Department of Education for their help with this project.

Special thanks to Secretary of State Edward Freel for his support of this project and to David Vaughan and the staff at Fairview Elementary School for allowing us to put together the kits at their school.

Bibliography

  • Barnes, Eric W., Free Men Must Stand, New York, Whittlesey House, 1962.
  • Blockson, Charles L., The Hippocrene Guide to The Underground Railroad, New York, Hippocrene Books, 1994.
  • Blockson, Charles L., The Underground Railroad, New York, Prentice Hall Press, 1987.
  • deValinger, Jr., Leon, How Delaware Became The First State, Dover, Delaware, Department of State, Division of Archives and Cultural Affairs, 1970.
  • Delaware Archives, Military, Volume 1, Wilmington, Delaware, Press of Mercantile Printing Company, 1911.
  • Delaware Department of Transportation, 1997 Road Map of Delaware.
  • Delaware Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs, Delaware's State Seal, Pamphlet, Document Number 20-06/80/11/06.
  • Delaware Public Archives, Small Manuscript Collection, RG 9200.
  • Delaware Public Archives, Map Collection.
  • Delaware Public Archives, Sussex County Court Records, RG 4000.
  • Delaware Public Archives, New Castle County Apprentice Indenture Collection, Series Number 2555.32.
  • Delaware Public Archives, Sussex County Probates, Series Number 4545.9.
  • Delaware Public Archives, Ratification Document.
  • Delaware Public Archives, Legislative Papers, Series Number 1111.2.
  • Delaware Public Archives, New Castle County Road Papers, Series Number 2805.27.
  • Delaware Public Archives, Census/Slave Schedule, RG 0720.
  • Delaware Public Archives, Broadside Collection.
  • Delaware Public Archives, Newspaper Collection, RG 9210.
  • Delaware Public Archives, General Reference Biography Collection.
  • Delaware Public Archives, Pamphlet Collection.
  • Delaware Public Archives, Beers Atlas.
  • Delaware Public Archives, Slave Papers.
  • Delaware Public Archives, City Directories, Series Number 9215.1.
  • Delaware Public Archives, General Reference Collection.
  • Delaware Public Archives, Tatnall Tombstone Collection.
  • Delaware Public Archives, Finding Aid Binder #33, Delaware Fugitive Records, RG 1325.
  • Delaware State Archives, The Mason-Dixon Boundary and its Markers, Pamphlet, Dover, Delaware, Document Number 20-06/86/02/09.
  • Essah, Patience, A House Divided, Slavery and Emancipation in Delaware, 1638 - 1865, Charlottesville, Virginia, University Press of Virginia, 1996.
  • Fradin, Dennis B., The Delaware Colony, Chicago, Illinois, Childrens Press, Inc., 1992.
  • Gottlieb Mittelberger's Journey to Pennsylvania in the Year 1750 and Return to Germany in the Year 1754, translated from German by Carl Theo. Eben. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, John Jos. McVey, 1898.
  • Hancock, Harold B., Delaware Two Hundred Years Ago: 1780 - 1800, Wilmington, Delaware, The Middle Atlantic Press, 1987.
  • Hayes, J. Carroll, The Delaware Curve, West Chester, Pennsylvania, 1943.
  • Hoffecker, Carol E., Delaware, The First State, Wilmington, Delaware, The Middle Atlantic Press, 1988.
  • Howard Pyle Collection, Delaware Art Museum.
  • Lester, Julius, To Be A Slave, Scholastic, Inc., New York, 1968.
  • Lukes, Bonnie L., The American Revolution, San Diego, California, Lucent Books, 1996.
  • Martin, Roger, A History of Delaware Through Its Governors, 1776 - 1984, Wilmington, Delaware, McClafferty Printing, 1984.
  • Miscellaneous materials, Delaware Art Museum.
  • Miscellaneous materials, United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
  • Munroe, John A., Colonial Delaware, Millwood, New York, KTO Press, 1978.
  • Munroe, John A., Federalist Delaware, 1775 - 1815, New Brunswick, New Jersey, Rutgers University Press, 1954.
  • Munroe, John A., History of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, University of Delaware Press, 1979.
  • Peden, Jr., Henry C. Revolutionary Patriots of Delaware 1775 - 1783, Westminster, Maryland, Family Line Publications, 1996.
  • Records of the Courts of Sussex County Delaware 1677 - 1710, Volumes I and II, ed. by Craig W. Horle, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, University of Pennsylvania, 1991.
  • Richards, Nancy E. Cliveden, The Chew Mansion in Germantown, Germantown, Pennsylvania, 1993.
  • Sawin, Nancy C., The Oulde King's Roade, Newark, Delaware, Paper Tweed Weave Curtis 1989.
  • Scharf, J. Thomas, History ofDelaware, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, L.J. Richards and Company, 1888.
  • The Duke of York Record, Wilmington, Delaware, Sunday Star Print, 1903.
  • "The Great Convention,"American History Illustrated, Volume XXII, Number 4, Summer 1987.
  • The United States Its History and Neighbors, (Teacher's Edition) ed. by Dr. Phillip Bacon, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., Orlando, Florida, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc. 1991.
  • Thompson, Priscilla, "Harriett Tubman, Thomas Garrett, and the Underground Railroad," Delaware History, Volume XXII, Number 3, Spring 1987.
  • Union List of Newspapers in Delaware, The Delaware Newspaper Project, University of Delaware Library, Newark, Delaware, 1990.
  • Wert, Jeffry D., "Germantown," American History Illustrated, Volume XXL, Number 5, September 1986.
  • Williams, William H., Constitutional Documents of the First State, Dover, Delaware, Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs, 1986.
  • Williams, William H., Slavery and Freedom in Delaware, 1639 - 1865, Wilmington, Delaware, Scholarly Resources Inc., 1996.
  • 1860 Delaware Census Index, Compiled by Bryan Lee Dilts, Salt Lake City, Utah, Index Publishing, 1984.

Teaching Delaware History with Primary Sources

A Teaching Kit for the Fourth and Fifth Grades

With the construction of our new facility in Dover, the Delaware Public Archives is entering a new era of service and accessibility to the public. As the official guardian of Delaware's county, state, and local government records, the Archives stores millions of records that reveal the cultural, social, and political history of our state and our nation. Unfortunately, in the past there has been little interaction between the Archives and Delaware's education community. This project seeks to make teachers and administrators aware of the vast array of documents, photographs, and other resources at the Archives that will help bring history alive for children. Teachers will now have authentic-looking reproductions of primary source documents from the Archives to complement their Social Studies and Delaware history instruction. In contrast to simply reading a summary of the events that occurred, students now have the opportunity to examine the documents or photographs that are part of the story. In this way, children can interpret the primary sources surrounding an event and reach their own conclusions.

There are currently 600 hard copies of this teaching kit in print. If you are a teacher, librarian, or administrator and would like one for your school library or classroom please call or e-mail me at the addresses below. There is no financial charge for the kit. Although the suggested instructional plans presented here are an integral part of the kit, the documents and overheads will be needed to carry out the classroom presentation of the lesson. These materials can be checked out at the Learning Resource Centers located in each county (New Castle 831-8148, Kent 739-5422, Sussex 855-1649).

The documents reproduced for this teaching kit range in time from the early colonization period to the twentieth century. Each set of documents is contained in a separate, labeled folder in one of the three boxes in the kit. To locate the document/overhead you wish to use, simply find the folder(s) or overhead that has the same letter as the lesson plan. In most cases, there will be one or two documents/overheads for each lesson. The 1796 overhead map of Delaware is the only document/overhead that does not have a letter designation. All of the documents/overheads have a credit line that may include an RG (Record Group) number or a Series Number. These numbers are part of the record identification system used at the Delaware Public Archives. Many of these documents will be a challenge to read for both the student and the teacher. Some of the documents have sections that may be illegible or "faded out."

The Delaware Public Archives wants to hear from you concerning this project. Please send your ideas, suggestions, and comments to one of the addresses listed below. We hope you will find this teaching kit a useful tool in your classroom. If you have some spare time - come visit us! We are looking forward to serving you in the future.

Thomas M. Summers

Coordinator of Public Programming

Delaware Public Archives
Hall of Records
121 Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd. North
Dover, DE 19901
telephone: (302)739-5318
fax: (302) 739-2578
e-mail: thomas.summers@state.de.us