Avoiding the draft
During the Civil War, substitutes took the place of many of the men drafted into the Union Army as shown in this substitute volunteer enlistment
Avoiding the Draft
It was not unusual for wealthier men to pay someone else to take their place during the Civil War. James Voshell of West Dover Hundred paid Lawrence Thompson $500 to take his place. Lawrence was born in Ireland and was a "labourer" more recently from Providence Rhode Island. Lawrence joined in April of 1865 as a private in company K 1st Delaware Volunteer Infantry. In Munson’s Hill Virginia, he deserted on the 15th of June 1865.
This substitute certificate is part of the miscellaneous Civil War Records. This collection includes muster in and out rolls, morning reports, monthly returns, enrollment books, service records of Daniel Woodall and John Schilling and quartermaster reports.